A database consists of one or more tables.

You will need special CREATE privileges to create or to delete a MySQL database.

Create a MySQL Database Using MySQLi and PDO

The CREATE DATABASE statement is used to create a database in MySQL.

The following examples create a database named “myDB”:

Example (MySQLi Object-oriented)

connect_error) {
    die("Connection failed: " . $conn->connect_error);

// Create database
if ($conn->query($sql) === TRUE) {
    echo "Database created successfully";
} else {
    echo "Error creating database: " . $conn->error;


Note: When you create a new database, you must only specify the first three arguments to the mysqli object (servername, username and password).

Tip: If you have to use a specific port, add an empty string for the database-name argument, like this: new mysqli(“localhost”, “username”, “password”, “”, port)

Example (MySQLi Procedural)

Note: The following PDO example create a database named “myDBPDO”:

Example (PDO)

    // use exec() because no results are returned
    echo "Database created successfully
"; } catch(PDOException $e) { echo $sql . "
" . $e->getMessage(); } $conn = null; ?>

Tip: A great benefit of PDO is that it has exception class to handle any problems that may occur in our database queries. If an exception is thrown within the try{ } block, the script stops executing and flows directly to the first catch(){ } block. In the catch block above we echo the SQL statement and the generated error message.